Gun control is one of the most controversial public opinion debates in the United States and each new mass shooting raises the stakes involved in the debate. It is easy to assume gridlock that has blocked legislation on gun control follows because of the mass-level polarization on the topic of gun control. My analysis of 28 waves of General Social Survey data from 1972 to 2016 shows this is wrong. My analysis of the data generates four key findings: 1) GOP partisanship does not robustly reduce support for gun control; 2) most ‘strong’ Republicans actually support gun control; 3) polarization of attitudes about gun control is only partial and recent; and 4) our casual assumptions about regional variation in attitudes toward gun control need re-evaluation. I conclude with a discussion of the differences we observe between elite polarization and mass polarization and with implications for the future of gun control advocacy.
- Discussion in Washington Post (“Experts and the public agree on how to stop gun violence. Politicians don’t.”, Oct. 2, 2017)
- “Lots of Republicans actually support gun control”, The Monkey Cage (Oct. 3, 2017)
- What Can Survey Data Tell Us About Public Opinion and the Gun Control Debate?